A rare neuroendocrine tumor of the lung

Ashwin Karnan

PAMJ. 2023; 46:54. Published 13 Oct 2023 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2023.46.54.41283

A 51-year-old female presented to me with complaints of breathlessness, cough with expectoration, left-sided chest and back pain with generalised tiredness for the past 1 month. She was a farmer by profession, with no significant past history. All routine investigations were done. Contrast computed tomoghraphy thorax showed a large heterogeneously enhancing soft tissue mass occupying the left hemithorax and single precarinal necrotic node. Bronchoscopy followed by CT-guided lung biopsy was done, which showed a neuroendocrine tumour with high mitotic activity and extensive necrosis suggestive of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining for neuroendocrine markers was done, which was positive for chromogranin A and synaptophysin. She was then shifted to the oncology department for surgery followed by chemotherapy. Lung neuroendocrine tumours are rare tumours accounting for about 20% of all lung tumours, 1-2 % of all tumours and 25% of all neuroendocrine tumours. Lung tumours comprise 75-80%, neuroendocrine tumours (NETs), 1-2 % carcinoid tumours (typical and atypical carcinoid), 3% large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung (LCNEC) and 15-20% small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Immunohistochemical examination is the most important criterion for lung neuroendocrine tumours (LNET). The classical symptoms of carcinoid tumours are cough, dyspnoea, recurrent respiratory tract infection and haemoptysis. For patients with high surgical risk, interventional bronchoscopy and endobronchial resection may be done. For advanced SCLC, chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide is the standard treatment.
Corresponding author
Ashwin Karnan, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India (ashwin2700@gmail.com)

The Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688) is a subsidiary of the Pan African Medical Journal. The contents of this journal is intended exclusively for professionals in the medical, paramedical and public health and other health sectors.

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