Early pannus formation

Ismail Oughebbi

PAMJ. 2023; 44:187. Published 20 Apr 2023 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2023.44.187.39601

Structural valve deterioration is commonly defined as an intrinsic permanent change of the bioprosthesis due to leaflet calcification, thickening, pannus formation, tear, or disruption. The resulting deterioration leads to stenosis and/or intra-prosthetic regurgitation. Here we present the case of a 75-year-old patient who underwent aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthetic valve. Predischarge transthoracic echocardiography revealed an aortic prosthesis with normal gradients. Three years later, the patient reported exertional dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed and showed a high transvalvular pressure gradient of 80 mmhg with restricted mobility of the leaflet caused by subprosthetic tissue. Redo aortic valve replacement was planned and surgical resection was performed showing pannus ingrowth in both aortic and ventricular side of the bioprosthesis.
Corresponding author
Ismail Oughebbi, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ghassani Hospital, Fes, Morocco (goulmima87@gmail.com)

The Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688) is a subsidiary of the Pan African Medical Journal. The contents of this journal is intended exclusively for professionals in the medical, paramedical and public health and other health sectors.

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