A rare case of malignancy of giant cell tumor of distal end radius: a clinical image

Yukti Jobanputtra, Deepali Patil

PAMJ. 2023; 44:116. Published 02 Mar 2023 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2023.44.116.38365

A 56-year-old male patient reported to the orthopaedic department with complaints of swelling and pain in the wrist associated with discharge that makes it difficult for him to perform activities. On examination, he gave a history of aggressive growth of swelling on the wrist for 6 months along with weight loss. On inspection, it revealed a single diffuse swelling over the right wrist of size 46x47 cm circumferentially, extending from mid-forearm to the distal end of the forearm that was globular in shape with ill-defined margins proximally and an ulcer of size 6x4 cm over the swelling. The discharge was purulent, yellow-colored with a foul smell. Over the swelling tortuous veins were visible. On palpation, firm and cystic areas with increased local temperature and enlarged right, axillary lymph nodes were noted. He had an addiction to tobacco chewing for the past 12 years. Various investigations were performed: fine needle aspiration cytology, magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray of the wrist that suggested a giant cell tumor (A,B). After clinico-radiological and histopathological findings, it was found that it was a malignant type tumor hence limb salvage surgery could not be considered. Therefore, surgery was planned and stitches are shown (C) for below elbow amputation as shown in the X-ray (D). Post-surgery revealed no complications and was further referred to the physiotherapy department. The primary goal of physiotherapy was to prevent secondary complications, improve and maintain the ranges and strength of the shoulder and elbow along with improvising his quality of life.
Corresponding author
Yukti Jobanputtra, Department of Physiotherapy, Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India (jobanputtrayukti@gmail.com)

The Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688) is a subsidiary of the Pan African Medical Journal. The contents of this journal is intended exclusively for professionals in the medical, paramedical and public health and other health sectors.

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