Gingival overgrowth during orthodontic treatment and its management

Aishwarya Deepaksingh Rathod, Priyanka Jaiswal

PAMJ. 2022; 42:305. Published 24 Aug 2022 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2022.42.305.36600

An increase in plaque retention and ineffective dental hygiene practices lead to gingival enlargement (GE). A 24-year-old female came to the department of periodontics with chief complaint of proclined in the front region of the jaw, accordingly planned for orthodontic treatment. After 10 months of orthodontic therapy, it was observed that there was GE in the upper anterior region of the teeth. Following comprehensive scaling and dental hygiene instructions, the patient was summoned back three weeks later for another evaluation and a gingivectomy operation was scheduled. The administration of local anaesthetic was carried out under all septic safeguards and circumstances. Pocket markers were used to identify bleeding spots. Then, using a no. 15 BP blade or Kirkland knife, external bevel cuts were made beyond the markings. As the lesion extended interproximally, the Orban knife was then utilized intradentally. Using a curette and scissors, tissue tags were taken off. By applying pressure packs with wet gauze or cotton infused with local anaesthetic, the bleeding was managed. Following the establishment of hemostasis, a scalpel gingivoplasty involving the thinning of the connected gingiva, tapering of the gingival edge, and shaping of the interdental papilla was carried out. Periodontal dressing was applied when the bleeding was stopped. Analgesics and an antiseptic mouthwash were prescribed for the patient as part of the postoperative instructions.
Corresponding author
Aishwarya Deepaksingh Rathod, Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed to be University), Wardha, India (

The Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688) is a subsidiary of the Pan African Medical Journal. The contents of this journal is intended exclusively for professionals in the medical, paramedical and public health and other health sectors.

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