Serofibrinous pleural effusion revealing a large hydatid cyst of the liver

Ahmed EL Mouloua, Leila Kartout

PAMJ. 2022; 42:198. Published 12 Jul 2022 | doi:10.11604/pamj.2022.42.198.36111

Hydatid cyst of the liver remains a serious public health problem in Morocco. It is frequently endemic due to poor environmental sanitation. This benign affection can sometimes cause fatal complications, such as the intrathoracic rupture of a cyst. This is a case of a huge liver hydatid cyst, revealed by serofibrous pleurisy, which is an extremely rare condition. A 9-year-old boy, with no past medical history, was presented to the emergency department for respiratory distress, cough, and right chest pain. The pain was insidious, onset, and progressive. There was no history of fever, hemoptysis or vomica. Physical examination revealed diminished respiratory sounds, with dullness to percussion at the right lung, along-with tenderness in the right hypochondrium area. Chest X-ray film confirmed the presence of right-sided pleural effusion. Thoracoabdominal computed tomography (CT) scan was performed, and it shows a large hydatid cyst of segment VIII of the liver with a huge pleural effusion with no lung lesion. A thoracentesis revealed a yellow fluid. The hydatid cyst was treated by laparotomy and partial excision of the cyst, the diaphragmatic fistula was closed, and the pleural effusion was treated by pleural drainage. After 2 weeks, a chest X-ray showed an encysted pleural effusion, which was later treated by thoracotomy and lung decorticating.
Corresponding author
Ahmed EL Mouloua, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah Hospital, Essaouira, Morocco (

The Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688) is a subsidiary of the Pan African Medical Journal. The contents of this journal is intended exclusively for professionals in the medical, paramedical and public health and other health sectors.

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