Subcutaneous calcinosis: a rare complication of chronic hypercalcemia
Fatima Zahra Zaher, Nawal El Ansari
The Pan African Medical Journal. ;32:76. doi:10.11604/pamj..32.76.18187

Create an account  |  Sign in
ADC 2019 ADC 2019
"Better health through knowledge sharing and information dissemination "

Images in clinical medicine

Subcutaneous calcinosis: a rare complication of chronic hypercalcemia

Fatima Zahra Zaher, Nawal El Ansari
Pan Afr Med J. 2019; 32:76. doi:10.11604/pamj.2019.32.76.18187. Published 12 Feb 2019



Subcutaneous calcinosis is a rare entity that may be secondary to either tissue damage, phosphocalcic disturbance or idiopathic origin. In the context of hypercalcemia, subcutaneous calcinosis remains a rare complication with few cases reported in the litterature. We report the case of a 27-year-old patient admitted for chronic hypercalcemia with right femur fracture and renal failure. Clinical examination found hard, painless, non-inflammatory subcutaneous nodules at the 2 elbows and at the lower gum (Panel A), the elbow radiography showed radiopaque structures in favor of subcutaneous calcinosis (Panel B). The etiological investigations of hypercalcemia showed a parathyroid hormon at 2200ng/ml (15-65), with cervical ultrasound showing a right inferior parathyroid nodule of 3cm * 1.6cm, in favor of primary hyperparathyroidism. The evolution was marked by the decrease of the size of the lesions in 15 days after normalization of the phosphocalcic balance after a symptomatic treatment based on intravenous rehydration, diuretics, corticosteroid bolus and bisphosphonate. Although hypercalcemia can reach very high serum levels in primary hyperparathyroidism, it is rarely accompanied by subcutaneous calcinosis. Indeed, it is hyperphosphoremia which represents the main factor involved in the development of cutaneous calcinosis in the context of phosphocalcic disturbances, and this independently of the level of hypercalcemia. Lesions tend to resolve spontaneously when calcium and phosphate levels normalize.


Corresponding author:
Fatima Zahra Zaher, Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolic Diseases, University Hospital of Marrakech, Marrakech, Morocco
drzaherfz@gmail.com

©Fatima Zahra Zaher et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

More images in clinical medicine

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    






PAMJ Images in Medicine and Public Health are archived on Pubmed Central. Access PAMJ archives on PMC here

Volume 32 (January - April 2019)

This image


Share this image:

Filter images [Reset filter]

By language

PAMJ is published in collaboration with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET)
Currently tracked by: DOAJ, AIM, Google Scholar, AJOL, EBSCO, Scopus, Embase, IC, HINARI, Global Health, PubMed Central, PubMed/Medline, Ulrichsweb, More to come . Member of COPE.

ISSN: 1937-8688. © 2019 - Pan African Medical Journal. All rights reserved