Tuberculosis of the scalp: the tubercle bacilli has not ceased to surprise us
Adil Zegmout, Hicham Souhi
The Pan African Medical Journal. ;28:28. doi:10.11604/pamj..28.28.13131

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Healthcare India 2017 Supplement 2 Supplement
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Images in clinical medicine

Tuberculosis of the scalp: the tubercle bacilli has not ceased to surprise us

Adil Zegmout, Hicham Souhi
Pan Afr Med J. 2017; 28:28. doi:10.11604/pamj.2017.28.28.13131. Published 13 Sep 2017



A 52-year-old men was referred with a 6-months history of a 3cm single skin lesion, erythematous, not pruriginous, with a verrucous surface, surmounted by scales, with circinated border. His history included weight loss of 8kg, but no other associated symptoms or contact with tuberculosis patients. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was slightly elevated at 82mm in the first hour. Mycological sampling was negative. Tuberculin skin test was positive (15mm) and anti-human immunodeficiency virus serology was negative. A skin biopsy was performed and sent for histopathology and culture. The skin biopsy showed inflammatory granuloma composed mostly of epithelioid cells and giant cells, consistent with tubercular granuloma. Mycobacteria were absent on Ziehl-Neelsen staining, tubercle bacilli were isolated and grown in culture from the lesion and confirmed a scalp localisation of tuberculosis. The scalp localization of tuberculosis very rare and not sufficiently described in the literature and demonstrates the multifaceted aspect of tuberculosis, which continues to yield surprises with its unusual clinical manifestations. Antitubercular chemotherapy consisting of isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol and pyrazinamide was started. Follow-up at the end of treatment at 6 months showed a clinical remission.


Corresponding author:
Adil Zegmout, Service de Pneumologie, Hpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohamed V, Rabat, Maroc
adilzgmt@gmail.com

©Adil Zegmout et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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