Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus
Faten Limaiem, Saadia Bouraoui
The Pan African Medical Journal. ;26:156. doi:10.11604/pamj..26.156.11275

Create an account  |  Sign in
African Case Studies Case studies in Public health
"Better health through knowledge sharing and information dissemination "

Images in clinical medicine

Cyclopia: the one-eyed fetus

Faten Limaiem, Saadia Bouraoui
Pan Afr Med J. 2017; 26:156. doi:10.11604/pamj.2017.26.156.11275. Published 16 Mar 2017



A 36 year-old female patient gravida 2 para 1, with no particular past medical history consulted her gynecologist at 14 weeks' gestation for pelvic pain. Her first pregnancy was uneventful and she did not take any specific drugs prior or during her pregnancy. Consanguinity and hereditary diseases were denied. Ultrasonography revealed a retention image measuring 67,2 mm with no cardiac pulsations (A). A male cyclopean fetus was delivered by induced labour. The fetus weighed 13,5 g and the placenta 45,4 g. On examination, the fetus was monophtalmic with completely fused eyes (B). In the face was a central proboscis located above the single orbital cavity (B). It had a rhombic form presenting with two lateral commissures and one caruncle at the inferior point of union. There was one lacrimal punctum in the midline and no median cleft. The nasal structures were absent. The upper lip looked normal with both, philtrum and tuberculum labii superioris. The lower lip and the mandible were normal. The brain and the rest of the organs were macerated. The examination of the placenta did not disclose any anomaly. Genetic analysis was not performed.


Corresponding author:
Faten Limaiem, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis Faculty of Medicine, 1007 Tunisia| University Hospital Mongi Slim, La Marsa, Sidi Daoued, 2046 Tunisia
fatenlimaiem@yahoo.fr

©Faten Limaiem et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

More images in clinical medicine

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    






PAMJ Images in Medicine and Public Health are archived on Pubmed Central. Access PAMJ archives on PMC here

Volume 27 (May - August 2017)

This image


Share this image:

Filter images [Reset filter]

By language

PAMJ is published in collaboration with the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET)
Currently tracked by: DOAJ, AIM, Google Scholar, AJOL, EBSCO, Scopus, Embase, IC, HINARI, Global Health, PubMed Central, PubMed/Medline, Ulrichsweb, More to come . Member of COPE.

ISSN: 1937-8688. © 2017 - Pan African Medical Journal. All rights reserved