Necrobiosis lipoidica-like cutaneous leishmaniasis
A 64-year-old woman with past medical history of diabetes mellitus type 1, referred to our dermatology department for a 20-month nonpruritic erythematous ulcerated lesions of the two legs. Upon physical examination, a large oval erythematoviolaceous plaque covering more than the half of the right pretibial region was observed. The border was slightly elevated, indurated and infiltrative, the center was scattered by small necrotic, crusted ulcers and by small atrophic areas. Similar smaller plaques occurred on the left leg (A). No other systemic abnormalities were detected particularly regional lymphadenopathy. There was no history of trauma or insect bite. She denied having fever or any other systemic symptoms. Blood count, routine biochemical tests, urine analysis and chest radiography were normal except hyperglycemia at 11.8 mmol/l. Bacteriological tests were negative. Skin biopsy showed a dense lymphocytic infiltrate throughout the entire dermis admixed with multiple granuloma without necrosis. At higher magnification, epitheloid cells, histiocytes and multinucleated giant cells were observed within the granulomatous zones. These latter were outlined by a dense infiltrate of lymphocytes (B) Basophilic regular structures in the intracellular spaces corresponding to amastigotes belonging to leishmania were determined with the Giemsa stain (C). The patient was treated intramuscularly with 20 mg/Kg/day systemic meglumine antimoniate for 15 days. The clinical course was characterized by the healing of her ulcer but onset of some atrophic scars.
Dr Youssef Monia, Dermatology departement Fattouma Bourguiba Hospital 5000 Monastir, Tunisia
©Monia Youssef et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.