Clouston’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia
Ahmed Bouhamidi, Mohammed Boui
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;29:105. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.29.105.14935

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Clouston’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2018;29:105. doi:10.11604/pamj.2018.29.105.14935

Received: 22/01/2018 - Accepted: 26/01/2018 - Published: 08/02/2018

Key words: Clouston syndrome, ectodermal dysplasia, genodermatosis

© Ahmed Bouhamidi et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/29/105/full

Corresponding author: Ahmed Bouhamidi, Military Hospital of Instruction Mohammed V, Department of Dermatology, Rabat, Morocco (docteurbouhamidi@gmail.com)


Clouston’s hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia

Ahmed Bouhamidi1,&, Mohammed Boui1

 

1Military Hospital of Instruction Mohammed V, Department of Dermatology, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

&Corresponding author
Ahmed Bouhamidi, Military Hospital of Instruction Mohammed V, Department of Dermatology, Rabat, Morocco

 

 

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A 2-year-old girl, from a consanguineous and phenotypically normal family. Her mother who brought her to our institution reporting that the child had hair loss, scanty eyelashes and eyebrows since she was two months old. Physical examination revealed severely dystrophic nails and thin scalp hair, fine eyebrows and eyelashes and thin body hair. Hyperkeratotic and desquamative plaques on her palms and soles. The patient did not present changes in sudoresis, dentition or hearing. So with the above clinical findings, a diagnosis of hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia was made, and the patient treated with skin emollients and topic keratolytics, she is under regular monitoring. Clouston syndrome is a rare genodermatosis that affects skin and annexes, it's belong to ectodermal dysplasias, which occur approximately one in every 100,000 births, which are caused by primary defects in the development of two or more tissues derived from the embryonic ectoderm.

 

 

Figure 1: (A) hypotrichosis; (B, C) nail dystrophy; (D) plantar hyperkeratosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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ISSN: 1937-8688. © 2018 - Pan African Medical Journal. All rights reserved