Polandís syndrome
Samia Frioui, Faycel Khachnaoui
The Pan African Medical Journal. 2015;21:294. doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.21.294.7599

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Images in medicine

Polandís syndrome

Cite this: The Pan African Medical Journal. 2015;21:294. doi:10.11604/pamj.2015.21.294.7599

Received: 25/07/2015 - Accepted: 19/08/2015 - Published: 24/08/2015

Key words: Poland´s Syndrome, adolescent, pectoralis major muscle

© Samia Frioui et al. The Pan African Medical Journal - ISSN 1937-8688. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Available online at: http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/21/294/full

Corresponding author: Samia Frioui, Service de Mťdecine Physique et de Rťadaptation Fonctionnelle, CHU Sahloul, Facultť de Mťdecine "Ibn El Jazzar", Sousse, Tunisie (soumaf1975@yahoo.fr)


Polandís syndrome

 

Samia Frioui1,&, Faycel Khachnaoui1

 

1Service de Mťdecine Physique et de Rťadaptation Fonctionnelle, CHU Sahloul, Facultť de Mťdecine "Ibn El Jazzar", Sousse, Tunisie

 

 

&Corresponding author
Samia Frioui, Service de Mťdecine Physique et de Rťadaptation Fonctionnelle, CHU Sahloul, Facultť de Mťdecine "Ibn El Jazzar", Sousse, Tunisie

 

 

Image in medicine

Polandís syndrome is characterized by agenesis of the pectoralis major muscle and mammary agenesis associated to the presence or not of bone or renal alterations. In rare cases, severely affected individuals have abnormalities of internal organs such as a lung or a kidney, or the heart is abnormally located in the right side of the chest (dextrocardia). It has been estimated to occur in 1 to 3 per 100,000 newborns. In Polandís syndrome, males predominate by at least 3:1 and usually the right side is affected in 75% of cases. The cause of Polandís syndrome is unknown. Researchers have suggested that it may result from a disruption of blood flow during development before birth. We report a case of an adolescent patient who consulted for back pain. Physical examination showed left anterior chest-wall depression, lateral to the nipple. There were no other anomalies seen on further systemic evaluation. Neurological examination and skeletal survey were normal. Polandís syndrome was diagnosed with absence of left pectoralis major muscle and mammary agenesis. A global evaluation of the patient was carried out with no findings of other markers of the disease. Mild cases of Poland syndrome without hand involvement may not be evident until puberty, when the differences between the two sides of the chest become more apparent. During adolescence, the disease assumes a risk factor due to alteration of the patientís body image and consequent reduction in self-esteem.

 

 

Figure 1: the appearance of the patient with Polandís syndrome. A: absence of the left pectoral muscles, superior localized left small nipple-areola complex; B: left anterior chest-wall depression and flatness of the left pectoral region

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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