Article references (35 references )


  1. MOH Kenya. DLTLD Annual report 2012. Government of Kenya; 2013. Google Scholar

  2. WHO. Global Tuberculosis report 2014. Geneva, 2014. Accessed March 15, 2016

  3. WHO. WHO’s 2013 global report on tuberculosis: successes, threats and opportunities. Lancet. 2013 Nov 30;382(9907):1765-7. Google Scholar

  4. Van’t Hoog AH, Marston BJ, Ayisi JG, Agaya JA, Muhenje O, Odeny LO et al. Risk factors for inadequate TB case finding in Rural Western Kenya: a comparison of actively and passively identified TB patients. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e61162. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. WHO. Tuberculosis. Media centre. Fact sheet. Updated October 2017. Accessed March 15, 2016

  6. WHO. Tuberculosis. 2014

  7. World Health Sciences. Tuberculosis World Wide Statistics and Infection Rates. 2013. Google Scholar

  8. WHO. Global tuberculosis report 2013. Accessed March 15, 2016

  9. MOH Kenya. DLTLD Annual report 2012. Governement of Kenya. 2013. Google Scholar

  10. Sitienei J, Nyambati V, Borus P, Sitienei J, Nyambati V, Borus P. The epidemiology of smear positive tuberculosis in three TB/HIV High Burden Provinces of Kenya. Epidemiol Res Int Epidemiol Res Int. 2013 Oct ;2013, 2013:e417038. Google Scholar

  11. MOH Kenya. Guidelines for Management of Tuberculosis and Leprosy in Kenya. July 2013. Accessed March 15, 2016

  12. Finlay A, Lancaster J, Holtz TH, Weyer K, Miranda A, van der Walt M. Patient- and provider-level risk factors associated with default from tuberculosis treatment, South Africa, 2002: a case-control study. BMC Public Health. 2012 Jan 20;12:56. PubMed | Google Scholar

  13. Toczek A, Cox H, du Cros P, Cooke G, Ford N. Strategies for reducing treatment default in drug-resistant tuberculosis: systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2013 Mar 4;17(3):299-307. PubMed | Google Scholar

  14. Jaggarajamma K, Sudha G, Chandrasekaran V, Nirupa C, Thomas A, Santha T et al. Reasons for non-compliance among patients treated under Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), Tiruvallur district, south India. Indian J Tuberc. 2007 Jul;54(3):130-5. PubMed | Google Scholar

  15. Kandel T, Mfenyana K, Chandia J, Yogeswaran P. The prevalence of and reasons for interruption of anti-tuberculosis treatment by patients at Mbekweni Health Centre in the King Sabata Dalindyebo (KSD) District in the Eastern Cape province. South African Fam Pract. 2014 Aug 15;50(6):47-47c. Google Scholar

  16. Jaiswal A, Singh V, Ogden JA, Porter JDH, Sharma PP, Sarin R et al. Adherence to tuberculosis treatment: lessons from the urban setting of Delhi, India. Trop Med Int Heal. 2003 Jul;8(7):625-33. PubMed | Google Scholar

  17. Muture BN, Keraka MN, Kimuu PK, Kabiru EW, Ombeka VO, Oguya F. Factors associated with default from treatment among tuberculosis patients in nairobi province, Kenya: A case control study. BMC Public Health. 2011 Sep;11:696. PubMed | Google Scholar

  18. Ibrahim LM, Hadejia IS, Nguku P, Dankoli R, Waziri NE, Akhimien MO et al. Factors associated with interruption of treatment among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Plateau State, Nigeria, 2011. Pan Afr Med J. 2014 Jan 31;17:78. PubMed | Google Scholar

  19. OBoyle SJ, Power JJ, Ibrahim MY, Watson JP. Factors affecting patient compliance with anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy using the directly observed treatment, short-course strategy (DOTS). Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2002 Apr;6(4):307-12. Google Scholar

  20. MOH Kenya. Tuberculosis & Leprosy Situation. 2014. A Google Scholar

  21. Transparent Africa. Open Kenya | Transparent Africa. 2014. Google Scholar

  22. Nandi County. Nandi County Facts and Details - Kenya Counties Leaders Updates. 2013. Google Scholar

  23. Carter EJ. TB active case finding in Western Kenya. Eldoret, Kenya; 2009. Google Scholar

  24. Cochran WG. Sampling Techniques. 3rd Edition. Willey J, editor. New York: John Willey and Sons. 1977. Google Scholar

  25. Cherkaoui I, Sabouni R, Ghali I, Kizub D, Billioux AC, Bennani K et al. Treatment default amongst patients with tuberculosis in urban Morocco: predicting and explaining default and post-default sputum smear and drug susceptibility results. PLoS One. Public Library of Science. 2014 Jan;9(4):e93574. PubMed | Google Scholar

  26. Brower KJ. Alcohol’s effects on sleep in alcoholics. Alcohol Res Health. 2001;25(1994):110-25. PubMed | Google Scholar

  27. Ambrose ML, Bowden SC, Whelan G. Working memory impairments in alcohol-dependent participants without clinical amnesia. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2001;25(2):185-91. PubMed | Google Scholar

  28. Vetreno RP, Hall JM, Savage LM. Alcohol-related amnesia and dementia: animal models have revealed the contributions of different etiological factors on neuropathology, neurochemical dysfunction and cognitive impairment. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2011 Nov;96(4):596-608. PubMed | Google Scholar

  29. Bagchi S, Ambe G, Sathiakumar N. Determinants of Poor Adherence to Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment in Mumbai, India. Int J Prev Med. 2010;1(4):223-32. PubMed | Google Scholar

  30. National Health Service. Alcohol-related liver disease - NHS Choices. NHS Choices 2013. Google Scholar

  31. Albano E. Alcohol, oxidative stress and free radical damage. Proc Nutr Soc. 2006;65(3):278-90. PubMed | Google Scholar

  32. Kenya National Bereau of Statistics. Economic Survey 2016. Nairobi, Kenya. 2016. Google Scholar

  33. Dodor EA. Tuberculosis treatment default at the communicable diseases unit of Effia-Nkwanta Regional Hospital: A 2-year experience. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2004;8(11):1337-41. PubMed | Google Scholar

  34. Comolet TM, Rakotomalala R, Rajaonarioa H. Factors determining compliance with tuberculosis treatment in an urban environment, Tamatave, Madagascar. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1998 Nov;2(11):891-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  35. Thompson Da, Yarnold PR, Williams DR, Adams SL. Effects of actual waiting time, perceived waiting time, information delivery and expressive quality on patient satisfaction in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 1996;28(6):657-65. PubMed | Google Scholar