Article references (44 references )


  1. Mizukoshi F, Kuroda M, Tsukagoshi H, Sekizuka T. A food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis due to genotype G1P rotavirus among adolescents in Japan. Microbiol Immunol. 2014; 58(9): 536-9. PubMed | Google Scholar

  2. Matthijnssens J, Ciarlet M, Rahman M, Attoui H, Estes MK, Gentsch JR et al. Recommendations for the classification of group A rotaviruses using all 11 genomic RNA segments. Arch Virol. 2008; 153(8): 1621-9. PubMed | Google Scholar

  3. Matthijnssens J, Ciarlet M, Mcdonald SM, Attoui H. Uniformity of Rotavirus Strain Nomenclature Proposed by the Rotavirus Classification Working Group (RCWG) Jelle. Arch Virol. 2011; 156(8): 1397-413. PubMed | Google Scholar

  4. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Rotavirus. 2014; 263-7. Accessed on 16 Jan 2019.

  5. Keswick BH, Pickering LK, DuPont HL, Woodward WE. Survival and detection of rotaviruses on environmental surfaces in day care centers. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1983; 46(4): 813-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  6. Hellmér M, Paxéus N, Magnius L, Enache L, Arnholm B, Johansson A et al. Detection of pathogenic viruses in sewage provided early warnings of hepatitis A virus and norovirus outbreaks. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014; 80(21): 6771-81. PubMed | Google Scholar

  7. Parashar UD, Nelson EAS, Kang G. Diagnosis, management and prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children. Bmj. 2013 Dec 30; 347: f7204. PubMed | Google Scholar

  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rotavirus. Vaccine Preventable Disease Surveillance Manual. Atlanta: p. 1-17. Accessed on 16 Jan 2019.

  9. Kaufman HW, Chen Z. Trends in Laboratory Rotavirus Detection: 2003 to 2014. Pediatrics. 2016; 138(4): e20161173-e20161173. PubMed | Google Scholar

  10. Tate JE, Burton AH, Boschi-pinto C, Parashar UD, Health W, Coordinated O et al. Global, Regional and National Estimates of Rotavirus Mortality in Children < 5 Years of Age, 2000-2013. Clin Infect Dis. 2016; 62(Suppl 2): S96-105. PubMed | Google Scholar

  11. Freed GL, Turbitt E. The global imperative to address vaccine-preventable diseases. R Aust Coll Gen Pract. 2016; 45(1): 14-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  12. Donato CM, Cowley D, Snelling TL, Akopov A, Kirkness EF, Kirkwood CD. Characterization of a G1P rotavirus causing an outbreak of gastroenteritis in the Northern Territory, Australia, in the vaccine era. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2014 Jul; 3(7): e47. PubMed | Google Scholar

  13. Martinez PP, King AA, Yunus M, Faruque ASG, Pascual M. Differential and enhanced response to climate forcing in diarrheal disease due to rotavirus across a megacity of the developing world. PNAS. 2016; 113(15): 4092-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  14. World Health Organization. World Health Statistics 2015: Global Health Observatory (GHO) data.

  15. PATH. Rotavirus disease and vaccines in Ethiopia. Seattle, USA; 2013. Accessed on 16 Jan 2019.

  16. Verguet S, Murphy S, Anderson B, Johansson KA, Glass R, Rheingans R. Public finance of rotavirus vaccination in India and Ethiopia: an extended cost-effectiveness analysis. Vaccine. 2013; 31(42): 4902-10. PubMed | Google Scholar

  17. Tate JE, Burton AH, Boschi-Pinto C, Steele AD, Duque J, Parashar UD. 2008 estimate of worldwide rotavirus-associated mortality in children younger than 5 years before the introduction of universal rotavirus vaccination programmes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2012; 12(2): 136-41. PubMed | Google Scholar

  18. Younis Abdul-Redha AL, Khafaji HJA-J. Detection of rotavirus in diarrhea stool samples of children with acute gastroenteritis in Babylon. Int Res J Microbiol. 2013; 4(3): 84-88. Google Scholar

  19. Ye S, Lambert SB, Grimwood K, Nimmo GR, Sloots TP, Kirkwood CD et al. Comparison of test specificities of commercial antigen-based assays and in-house PCR Methods for detection of rotavirus in Stool. J Clin Microbiol. 2015; 53(1): 295-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  20. Muhe L, Fredrikzon B, Habte D. Clinical profile of rotavirus enteritis in Ethiopian children. Ethiop Med J. 1986; 24(1): 1-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  21. Abebe A, Abebe S, Giday M, Taffesse B. Rotavirus infection in under-five children in Yekatit 12 hospital. Ethiop J Heal Dev. 1995; 9(1): 71-5. Google Scholar

  22. Stintzing G, Back E, Tufvesson B, Johnsson T, Wadström T, Habte D. Seasonal fluctuations in the occurrence of enterotoxigenic bacteria and rotavirus in paediatric diarrhoea in Addis Ababa. Bull World Health Organ. 1981; 59(1): 67-73. PubMed

  23. Bizuneh T, Mariam ZS, Abebe A, Lema E. Rotavirus infection in under-five children in Jimma Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Heal Dev. 2004; 18(1): 19-24. Google Scholar

  24. Almaz Abebe, Mekonen Getahun, Seheri Mapaseka L, Berhane Beyene, Essete Assefa, Birke Teshome et al. Impact of rotavirus vaccine introduction and genotypic characteristics of rotavirus strains in children less than 5 years of age with gastroenteritis in Ethiopia: 2011-2016. Vaccine. 2018; 36(46): 7043-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  25. World Human Organization. Global vaccine action plan 2011-2020. Accessed on 16 Jan 2019.

  26. Central Statistical Agency (CSA) Ethiopia and ICF. Demographic and Health Survey. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Rockville, Maryland, USA; 2016.

  27. Abebe A, Teka T, Kassa T, Seheri M, Beyene B, Teshome B et al. Hospital-based surveillance for rotavirus gastroenteritis in children younger than 5 years of age in Ethiopia: 2007-2012. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014; 33(SUPPL 1): 2007-12. PubMed | Google Scholar

  28. Gentsch JR, Glass RI, Woods P, Gouvea V, Gorziglia M, Flores J et al. Identification of group A rotavirus gene 4 types by polymerase chain reaction. J Clin Microbiol. 1992; 30(6): 1365-73. PubMed | Google Scholar

  29. Gouvea V, Glass RI, Woods P, Taniguchi K, Clark HF, Forrester B et al. Polymerase chain reaction amplification and typing of rotavirus nucleic acid from stool specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 1990; 28(2): 276-82. PubMed | Google Scholar

  30. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia parlament. Ethiopian Public Health Institute Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation No. 301/2013. Federal Negarit Gazette. 2014 Jan; 7175. Accessed on 16 Jan 2019.

  31. Shahrabadi MS, Ahmadi E. Epidemiology of Rotavirus Infection in Certain Countries. Iran J Virol. 2014; 8(4): 34-42. Google Scholar

  32. Cunliffe NA, Kilgore PE, Bresee JS, Steele AD, Luo N, Hart CA et al. Epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhoea in Africa: a review to assess the need for rotavirus immunization. Bull World Health Organ. 1998; 76(5): 525-37. PubMed | Google Scholar

  33. World Health Organization. Rotavirus vaccines WHO position paper-January 2013. Wkly Epidemiol Rec. 2013; 88(5): 49-64. Google Scholar

  34. Precipitated O, Islands S, Jones FK, Ko AI, Becha C, Joshua C et al. Increased rotavirus prevalence in diarrheal outbreak precipitated by localized flooding, Solomon Islands, 2014. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016; 22(5): 875-9. PubMed

  35. World Health Organization. Rotavirus. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. 1-11.

  36. Malede Mequanent Sisay, Segni Mekonen Gedefa, Addisu Jember Zeleke GAS. Risk Factors of Rotavirus Outbreak Among Children in Kurmuk District, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Ethiopia. JOJ Case Stud. 2018; 8(1): 555730.

  37. Stella SI, Ajayi A. Viral causes of diarrhea in children in Africa: a literature review. J Mol Biol Tech. 2017; 1(1): 104.

  38. Yassin MA, Kirby A, Mengistu AA, Arbide I, Dove W, Beyer M et al. Unusual norovirus and rotavirus genotypes in Ethiopia. Paediatr Int Child Health. 2012; 32(1): 51-5. PubMed | Google Scholar

  39. Todd S, Page NA, Duncan Steele A, Peenze I, Cunliffe NA. Rotavirus strain types circulating in Africa: review of studies published during 1997-2006. J Infect Dis. 2010; 202(S1): S34-42. PubMed | Google Scholar

  40. Gheorghita S, Birca L, Donos A, Wasley A, Birca I, Cojocaru R et al. Impact of rotavirus vaccine introduction and vaccine effectiveness in the Republic of Moldova. Clin Infect Dis. 2016; 62(Suppl 2): S140-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  41. Bar-Zeev N, Kapanda L, Tate JE, Jere KC, Iturriza-Gomara M, Nakagomi O et al. Effectiveness of a monovalent rotavirus vaccine in infants in Malawi after programmatic roll-out: An observational and case-control study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015; 15(4): 422-8. PubMed | Google Scholar

  42. Gastañaduy PA, Steenhoff AP, Mokomane M, Esona MD, Bowen MD, Jibril H et al. Effectiveness of monovalent rotavirus vaccine after programmatic implementation in Botswana: a multisite prospective case-control study. Clin Infect Dis. 2016; 62(62 Suppl 2): S161-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  43. Vakili R, Hashemi AG, Khademi G, Ajilian M. Immunization coverage in WHO regions: a review article. Indian J Paediatr. 2015; 3(15): 111-8. Google Scholar

  44. Vesikari T. Success of rotavirus vaccination in Africa: good news and remaining questions. Lancet Glob Heal. 2016; 4(2): e76-7. PubMed | Google Scholar