Article references (44 references )


  1. Deokhoon J, Michaleff Z, Venerina J, Shaun O’L. Physical risk factors for developing non-specific neck pain in office workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2017 Jul;90(5):373-410. PubMed | Google Scholar

  2. Hansson EK, Hansson TH. The costs for persons sick-listed more than one month because of low back or neck problems A two-year prospective study of Swedish patients. Eur Spine J. 2005 May;14(4):337-45. Epub 2004 May 19. PubMed | Google Scholar

  3. Van Eerd D, Cote P, Kristman V, Rezai M, Hogg-Johnson S, Vidmar M, Beaton D. The course of work absenteeism involving neck pain: a cohort study of Ontario lost-time claimants. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 May 20;36(12):977-82. PubMed | Google Scholar

  4. Janwantanakul P, Pensri P, Jiamjarasrangsri V, Sinsongsook T. Prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms among office workers. Occup Med (Lond). 2008 Sep;58(6):436-8. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. Hush JM, Michaleff Z, Maher CG, Refshauge K. Individual, physical and psychological risk factors for neck pain in Australian office workers: a 1-year longitudinal study. European spine journal. 2009; 18:1532–1540. Google Scholar

  6. Cote P et al. The burden and determinants of neck pain in workers: results of the bone and joint decade 2000–2010 task force on neck pain and its associated disorders. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2009 Feb;32(2 Suppl):S70-86. PubMed | Google Scholar

  7. Tornqvist EW, Hagberg M, Hagman M, Risberg EH, Toomingas A. The influence of working conditions and individual factors on the incidence of neck and upper limb symptoms among professional computer users. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2009 May;82(6):689-702. PubMed | Google Scholar

  8. Bouzgarou L, Kacem I, Kreim A, Amri C, Kammoun S, Omrane A et al. Les facteurs de risque des cervicalgies chez les opérateurs sur écran dans les établisements universitaires du centre tunisien. revue d l'ISST. 2014; 69.

  9. Malchaire J. Programmes de conservation de l’audition: Organisation en milieu industriel. Paris: MASSON; 1993: 87.

  10. Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Quebec (IRSST). Les terminaux à écran de visualisation et la santé des travailleurs. Monréal 1987. (Profil-recherche: 57). 3P.

  11. Malchaire J, Indesteege B. Trouble musculosquelettique: analyse du risque. INRCT. 1997.

  12. Chamoux A, Paris C, Desheulles J, Ambroise-Pivert I, Simon-Rigaud ML. Stress et travail: rôle de la pénibilité psychique du travail: Résultats de l’enquête nationale multicentrique ASMT 96. Arch mal prof. 1999;60:570-1.

  13. Cail F, Floru R. Travail sur écran de visualisation et santé. Cahiers de Notes Documentaires (3ème trimestre). 1993;152:461-75 (Mise à jour juin 1997).

  14. Bergquist-Ullman M, Wolgast E, Nilsson B et al. The influence of VDT work on musculoskeletal disorders. Ergonomics. 1995 Apr;38(4):754-62. Google Scholar

  15. Ignatius YT, Yee TY, Yan LT. Self reported musculoskeletal problems amongst typist and possible risk factors. J Hum Ergol (Tokyo). 1993 Dec;22(2):83-93. PubMed | Google Scholar

  16. Kamwendo K, Linton SJ, Moritz U. Neck ans shoulder disorder in medical sercretaries Part I. pain prevalence and risk factors. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1991;23(3):127-33. Google Scholar

  17. Kamwendo K, Linton SJ, Moritz U. Neck and shoulder disorder in medical sercretaries Part II. Agronomical work environnent and symptom profile. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1991;23(3):135-42. Google Scholar

  18. Yu It and Wong Tw. Musculoskeletal problems among VDU workers in a Hong Kong Bank. Occup Med (Lond). 1996 Aug;46(4):275-80. PubMed | Google Scholar

  19. Visser B, De Korte E, Van Der Kraan I, Kuijer P. The effect of arm and wrist supports on the load of the upper extremity during VDU work. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2000;15 Suppl 1:S34-8. PubMed | Google Scholar

  20. Marcus M, Gerr F, Monteilh C, Ortiz DJ, Gentry E, Cohen S, Edwards A et al. A prospective study of computer users: II Postural risk factors for musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders. Am J Ind Med. 2002 Apr;41(4):236-49. PubMed | Google Scholar

  21. Waersted M, Westgraard RH. An experimental study of shoulder muscle activity and posture in a paper version versus a VDU version of montonous work task. Int J Ind. Ergon 1997;19:175-185. Google Scholar

  22. Bergquist-Ullman M, Wolgast E, Nilsson B et al. Musculoskeletal disorders among visual display terminal workers: individual, ergonomic and work organizational factors. Ergonomics. 1995 Apr;38(4):763-76. PubMed | Google Scholar

  23. Korhonen T, Ketola R, Toivonen R, Luukkonen R, Häkkänan M, Vikari-Juntura E. Work related and individual predictors for incidenct neck pain among employees working with video display units. Occup Environ Med. 2003 Jul;60(7):475-82. PubMed | Google Scholar

  24. Tittiranonda P, Burastero S, Rempel D. Risk factor for musculoskeletal disorder among computer users. Occup Med. 1999 Jan-Mar;14(1):17-38, iii.

  25. Aaras A, Fostervold KI, Ro R, Thoresen M, Larsen S. Postural load during VDU work: a comparison between various work postures. Ergonomics. 1997 Nov;40(11):1255-68. PubMed | Google Scholar

  26. Fostervold KI, Buckmann E, Lie I. VDU-screen filters: remedy or the ubiquitious Hawthorne effects? Int J Ind Ergon. 2001;27:107-18. Google Scholar

  27. Shieh KK, Chen MT. Effects of screen color combination, work-break schudule, and workplace on VDT viewing distance. Int J Ergon. 1997; 20:11-18. Google Scholar

  28. Sommerich CM, Jones SM, Psihogios JP. Effects of computer monitor viewing angle and related factors on strain, performance and preferences outcomes. Hum Factors. 2001 Spring;43(1):39-55. PubMed | Google Scholar

  29. Straker LM, Pollock CM, Mangharam JE. The effect of shoulder posture on performance, disconfort and muscle fatigue whilst working on visual display unit. Int J Ind. Ergon 1997;20:133-6. Google Scholar

  30. Svensson HF, Svensson OK. The influence of the viewing angle on neck-load during work with video display units. J Rehabil Med. 2001 Mar;33(3):133-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  31. Turville KL, Psihogios JP, Ulmer TR, Mirka GA. The effects of video display terminal height on the operator: A comparison of the 15° and 40° recommendations. Appl Ergon. 1998 Aug;29(4):239-46. PubMed | Google Scholar

  32. Straker LM, Mekhora K. An evaluation of visual display unit placement by electromyography, posture, discomfort and preference. Int J Ind Ergon. 2000;26:389-98. Google Scholar

  33. Straker LM, Jones KJ, Miller J. A comparison of the postures assumed when using laptop computers and desktop computers. Appl Ergon. 1997 Aug;28(4):263-8. Google Scholar

  34. Fostervold Knut Inge. VDU work with downward gaze: the emperor's new clothes or scientifically sound? Int J Ind Ergon. 2003;31:161-7. Google Scholar

  35. Burgess-Limerick R, Plooy A, Ankrum DR. The effect of imposed and self-selected computer monitor height in posture and gaze angle. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1998 Dec;13(8):584-592. PubMed | Google Scholar

  36. Burgess-Limerick R, Plooy A, Fraser K, Ankrum DR. The influence of computer monitor height on head and neck posture. Int J Ind Ergon. 1999; 23:171-9. Google Scholar

  37. Ariëns GAM, Bongers PM, Douwes M, Miedema MC, Hoogendoorn WE, Van der Wal G et al. Are neck flexion, neck rotation, and sitting at work risk factors for neck pain? Results of a prospective cohort study. Occup Environ Med. 2001 Mar;58(3):200-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  38. Ariëns GAM, Bongers PM, Hoogendoorn WE, van der Wal G, van Mechelen W. High physical and psychosocial load at work and sickness absence due to neck pain. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2002 Aug;28(4):222-31. PubMed | Google Scholar

  39. Jaschiniski W, Heuer H, Kylian H. Preferred position of visual displays relative to the eyes: a field study strain and individual difference. Ergonomics. 1998; 41: 1034-49. Google Scholar

  40. Bauer W, Wittig T. Influence of screen and copy holder position on head posture, muscle activity and user judgement. Appl Ergon. 1998;29(3):185-92. PubMed | Google Scholar

  41. Cail F. Troubles musculosquelettiques du membre supérieur et facteurs de risque en conception assistée par ordinateur (CAO) et en saisie. Document pour le médecin de travail. 2005;104: 485-91.

  42. Aaras A, Horgin G, Bjorest HH, Ro R, Thoresen M. Musculoskeletal, visual and psychological stress in VDU operators before and after multidisciplinary ergonomic interventions. Appl Ergon. 1998 Oct;29(5):335-54. PubMed | Google Scholar

  43. Aaras A, Horgin G, Bjorest HH, Ro R, Walsoe H. Musculoskeletal, visual and psychological stress in VDU operators before and after multidisciplinary ergonomic interventions A 6 prospective study -Part II. Appl Ergon. 2001;32:559-71. Google Scholar

  44. Hoy D et al. The global burden of neck pain: estimates from the global burden of disease 2010 study. Ann Rheum Dis. 2014 Jul;73(7):1309-15. Google Scholar