Article references (25 references )

  1. Beattie A. The history of money: From barter to banknotes 2010. Accessed 4 August 2018

  2. Ireland PN. Bernholz P. Monetary Regimes and Inflation: History, Economic and Political Relationships. 2003. Google Scholar

  3. Bollard A. The evolution of monetary policy: a speech to Rotary Club Wellingt. 2002.

  4. Vriesekoop F, Russell C, Alvarez-Mayorga B, Aidoo K, Yuan Q, Scannell A, et al. Dirty money: an investigation into the hygiene status of some of the world's currencies as obtained from food outlets. Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010; 7(12): 1497-1502. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. Prasai T, Yami KD, Joshi DR. Microbial load on paper/polymer currency and coins. Nepal J Sci Technol. 2008; 9: 105-109. Google Scholar

  6. Ayandele A, Adeniyi S. Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of microorganisms isolated from Naira notes in Ogbomoso North, Nigeria. J Res Biol. 2011; 8: 587-593. Google Scholar

  7. Fehrenbach MS, Sauerwein KK. Needle-free Luer activated intravenous access valve contamination. Webster University. 2010. Google Scholar

  8. Hosen JM, Sarif DI, Rahman MM, Azad MAK. Contamination of coliforms in different paper currency notes of Bangladesh. Pakistan J Biol Sci. 2006; 9(5): 868-870. Google Scholar

  9. Pope TW, Ender PT, Woelk WK, Koroscil MA, Koroscil TM. Bacterial contamination of paper currency. South Med J. 2002; 95(12): 1408-1410. PubMed | Google Scholar

  10. Basavarajappa KG, Rao PN, Suresh K. Study of bacterial, fungal, and parasitic contaminaiton of currency notes in circulation. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2005; 48(2): 278-279. PubMed | Google Scholar

  11. Lamichhane J, Adhikary S, Gautam P, Maharjan R, Dhakal B. Risk of handling paper currency in circulation chances of potential bacterial transmittance. Nepal J Sci Technol. 2009; 10: 161-166. Google Scholar

  12. Uneke CJ, Ogbu O. Potential for parasite and bacteria transmission by paper currency in Nigeria. J Environ Health. 2007; 69(9): 54-62. PubMed | Google Scholar

  13. Pradeep N V, Marulasiddaiah BS, Chetana M. Microbial contamination of Indian currency notes in circulation. J Res Biol. 2012; 2(4): 377-382.

  14. Awodi NO, Nock IH. Prevalence and public health significance of parasite cysts and eggs on the Nigerian currency. Niger J Parasitol. 2001; 22(1): 137-142. Google Scholar

  15. Ogo NI, Ajayi JA, Madukeke A. Eggs and Cysts of parasites contaminating Nigerian currency notes. Afr J Nat Sci. 2004; 7: 40-42.

  16. Ameh JB, Balogun YO. The health implications of microbial load of abused naira notes. Spectr. 1997; 4: 138-140.

  17. Mensah P, Yeboah-Manu D, Owusu-Darko K, Ablordey A. Street foods in Accra, Ghana: how safe are they. Bull World Health Organ. 2002; 80(7): 546-554. PubMed | Google Scholar

  18. Khalil MMR, Alam MS, Hossain MA, Das AK, Islam S, Mia Z. Occurrence of pathogens on paper currency of Bangladesh and their public health importance. International Journal of Natural and Social Sciences. 2014; 1: 70-74 Google Scholar

  19. Michaels B. Handling money and serving ready-to-eat food. Food Serv Technol. 2002; 2(1): 1-3. Google Scholar

  20. Chukuezi CO. Food safety and hyienic practices of street food vendors in Owerri, Nigeria. Stud Sociol Sci. 2010; 1(1): 50-57.

  21. Cheesbrough M. District laboratory practice in tropical countries. Cambridge university press. 2006. Google Scholar

  22. Al-Ghamdi AK, Abdelmalek SMA, Bamaga MS, Azhar E, Wakid MH, Alsaied Z. Bacterial contamination of Saudi" one" Riyal paper notes. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Heal. 2011; 42(3): 711-716. PubMed | Google Scholar

  23. El-Din El-Dars FMS, Hassan WMH. A preliminary bacterial study of Egyptian paper money. Int J Environ Health Res. 2005; 15(3): 235-240. PubMed | Google Scholar

  24. Gadsby P. Filthy lucre-Money contaminated with bacteria. Discover. 1998; 19: 76.

  25. Igumbor EO, Obi CL, Bessong PO, Potgieter N, Mkasi TC. Microbiological analysis of banknotes circulating in the Venda region of Limpopo province, South Africa. S Afr J Sci. 2007; 103(9-10): 365-366. Google Scholar