Article references (15 references )


  1. Kara CS, Toros T. Congenital deficiency of the tibia: a report of 22 cases. Journal of pediatric orthopedics Part B. 2001 Apr; 10(2): 161-3. PubMed | Google Scholar

  2. Ostrum RF, Betz RR, Clancy M, Steel HH. Bifurcated femur with a normal tibia and fibula. Journal of pediatric orthopedics. 1987 Mar-Apr; 7(2): 224-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  3. Van de Kamp JM, Van der Smagt JJ, Bos CF, Van Haeringen A, Hogendoorn PC, Breuning MH. Bifurcation of the femur with tibial agenesis and additional anomalies. American journal of medical genetics Part A. 2005 Sep 15; 138(1): 45-50. PubMed | Google Scholar

  4. Gollop TR, Lucchesi E, Martins RM, Nione AS. Familial occurrence of bifid femur and monodactylous ectrodactyly. American journal of medical genetics. 1980; 7(3): 319-22. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. Wolfgang GL. Complex congenital anomalies of the lower extremities: femoral bifurcation, tibial hemimelia and diastasis of the ankle: case report and review of the literature. The Journal of bone and joint surgery American volume. 1984 Mar; 66(3): 453-8. PubMed | Google Scholar

  6. Lurie IW, Ilyina HG. Gollop-Wolfgang complex in a 3-month-old girl. American journal of medical genetics Supplement. 1986; 2: 191-4. PubMed | Google Scholar

  7. Bos CF, Taminiau AH. A 5-year follow-up study after knee disarticulation in two cases of Gollop-Wolfgang complex. Journal of pediatric orthopedics Part B. 2007 Nov; 16(6): 409-13. PubMed | Google Scholar

  8. Endo A, Watanabe K, Shimada M, Minato M, Takada M, Takahashi S et al. Bilateral involvement of hands and legs in the Gollop-Wolfgang complex. American journal of medical genetics. 1998 Dec 28; 80(5): 529-30. PubMed | Google Scholar

  9. Aalami-Harandi B, Zahir A. Congenital bifid femur. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. 1976 Aug; 47(4): 419-22. PubMed | Google Scholar

  10. Cornah MS, Dangerfield PH. Reduplication of the femur: report of a case. The Journal of bone and joint surgery British volume. 1974 Nov; 56-B(4): 744-5. PubMed | Google Scholar

  11. Cakir M, Hoefsloot LH, Orhan F, Gedik Y, Celep F, Okten A. Distal femoral duplication and fibular agenesis associated with congenital cardiac defect. Indian journal of pediatrics. 2010 Feb; 77(2): 210-1. PubMed | Google Scholar

  12. Lewin SO, Opitz JM. Fibular a/hypoplasia: review and documentation of the fibular developmental field. American journal of medical genetics Supplement. 1986; 2: 215-38. PubMed | Google Scholar

  13. Pavone L, Viljoen D, Ardito S, Rizzo R, Neri G, Longo G et al. Two rare developmental defects of the lower limbs with confirmation of the Lewin and Opitz hypothesis on the fibular and tibial developmental fields. American journal of medical genetics. 1989 Jun; 33(2): 161-4. PubMed | Google Scholar

  14. Christini D, Levy EJ, Facanha FA, Kumar SJ. Fibular transfer for congenital absence of the tibia. Journal of pediatric orthopedics. 1993 May-Jun; 13(3): 378-81. PubMed | Google Scholar

  15. RT L. Fibular transfer for congenital absence of the tibia (Brown procedure): Herring JA, Birch JG, ed The Child with a Limb Deficiency, Rosemont, Ill. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. 1998; 233. PubMed | Google Scholar