Article references (21 references )

  1. Msuya SE, Uriyo J, Hussain A et al. Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among pregnant women with known HIV status in northern Tanzania. Reprod Health. 2009;6:4. PubMed | Google Scholar

  2. Minichiello V, Rahman S, Hussain R. Epidemiology of sexually trans¬mitted infections in global indigenous populations: data availability and gaps. Int J STD AIDS. 2013;24(10):759-768. Google Scholar

  3. World Health Organization. The global elimination of congenital syphilis: rational and strategy for action. Accessed December 29, 2015.

  4. Newman L, Rowley J, Vander Hoorn S, Wijesooriya NS, Unemo M, Low N et al. Global Estimates of the Prevalence and Incidence of Four Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections in 2012 Based on Systematic Review and Global Reporting. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(12):e0143304. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. Dupin N. Sexually transmitted infections in France in 2009. Rev Prat. 2010;60(4):520-5. PubMed | Google Scholar

  6. UNAIDS DATA 2017. Accessed July 17, 2017.

  7. Kinoshita-Moleka R1, Smith JS, Atibu J, Tshefu A, Hemingway-Foday J, Hobbs M, Bartz J, Koch MA, Rimoin AW, Ryder RW. Low prevalence of HIV and other selected sexually transmitted infections in 2004 in pregnant women from Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Epidemiol Infect. 2008; 136(9):1290-6. Google Scholar

  8. Ministère de la Santé et de la Population. Programme National de Lutte Contre le Sida (PNLS). Rapport de l'enquête de surveillance sentinelle du VIH chez les femmes enceintes en consultation Prénatale au Congo en. 2005. Google Scholar

  9. Centre National de la Statistique et des Etude Economiques (CNSEE) /ICF Macro éd. Enquête de séroprévalence et sur les indicateurs du Sida au Congo (ESISC-I) 200 Rapport de synthèse. consulté le 25 septembre 2015.

  10. Ministère de l'Intérieur et de la Décentralisation. Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat. Rapport. 2007. Google Scholar

  11. Taylor MM, Ebrahim S, Abiola N, Kinkodi DK, Mpingulu M, Kabuayi JP, Ekofo F, Newman DR, Peterman TA, Kamb ML, Sidibe Klnt. Correlates of syphilis seropositivity and risk for syphilis-associated adverse pregnancy outcomes among women attending antenatal care clinics in the Democratic Republic of Congo. J STD AIDS. 2014; 25(10): 716-25. PubMed | Google Scholar

  12. Guimarães Nebenzahl H, Lopes A, Castro R, Pereira F. Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus and syphilis among individuals attending anonymous testing for HIV in Luanda, Angola. S Afr Med J. 2013; 103(3):186-8. Google Scholar

  13. Joel Manyahi, Boniphace Jullu S, Mathias Abuya I, James Juma, Joel Ndayongeje, Bonita Kilama, Veryeh Sambu, Josef Nondi, Bernard Rabiel, Geoffrey Somi, Mecky Matee I. Prevalence of HIV and syphilis infections among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Tanzania, 2011. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:501-9. PubMed | Google Scholar

  14. Ibrahim IA, Owoeye GI, Obilahi A. The Burden of HIV Infection among Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in a Semi-urban Nigerian Town. West Indian Med J. 2013;62(4):323-328. PubMed | Google Scholar

  15. Kumogola Y, Slaymaker E, Zaba B. Trends in HIV & syphilis prevalence and correlatesof HIV infection: results from cross-sectionalsurveys among women attending ante-natalclinics in Northern Tanzania. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:553-564. PubMed | Google Scholar

  16. Patterson-Lomba O, Goldstein E, Gómez-Liévano A, Castillo-Chavez C, Towers S. Per capita incidence of sexually transmitted infections increases systematically with urban population size: a cross-sectional study. Sex Transm Infect. 2015 Dec;91(8):610-4. PubMed | Google Scholar

  17. Neequaye AR, Neequaye JE, Biggar RJ. Factors that could influence the spread of AIDS in Ghana, West Africa: knowledge of AIDS, sexual behavior, prostitution and traditional medical practices. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1991;4(9):914-9. Google Scholar

  18. Kuate S, Mikolajczyk RT, Forgwei GW et al. Time trends and departmental differences in the prevalence of HIV infection among women attending antenatal clinics in 2 provinces in Cameroon. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009;52(2):258-264. Google Scholar

  19. Endris M, Deressa T, Belyhun Y, Moges F. Seroprevalence of syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus infections among pregnant women who attend the University of Gondar teaching hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. BMC Infect Dis. 2015;15:111-117. PubMed | Google Scholar

  20. Singh RK, Patra S. What Factors are Responsible for Higher Prevalence of HIV Infection among Urban Women than Rural Women in Tanzania. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2015 Oct;25(4):321-8. Google Scholar

  21. Dara Potter, Robert L Goldenberg, Jennifer S Read, Jing Wang, Irving F Hoffman PA, Elmar Saathoff, George Kafulafula, MMed, Said Aboud, Francis EA Martinson, Maysoon Dahab and Sten H Vermund. Correlates of Syphilis Seroreactivity Among Pregnant Women: The HIVNET 024 Trial in Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia. Sex Transm Dis. 2006;33(10):604-609. PubMed | Google Scholar