Article references (30 references )


  1. Blössner Monika, Onis de Mercedes. Malnutrition: quantifying the health impact at national and local levels. Geneva, World Health Organization, (WHO Environmental Burden of Disease Series, 12). 2005.

  2. Rocha Cecilia, Patricia. Constante Jaime, Marina Ferreira Rea: Global Nutrition Report 2016: From promise to impact ending malnutrition by 2030. Washington, DC, International Food Policy Research Institute. 2016.

  3. Mackey Carole S. Nutritional Assessment. 2004. Accessed 29 Sep 2015.

  4. Grantham-McGregor S, Cheung YB, Cueto S, Glewwe P, Richter L, Strupp B. Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries. Lancet. Jan 6 2007; 369(9555): 60-70. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. Onis de Mercedes et al. WHO Child Growth Standards, Geneva. WHO Press. 2006: 1-6. Google Scholar

  6. United Nations Children's Fund. Improving child nutrition; the achievable imperative for global progress. New York. The library of congress. 2013: 7-16. Google Scholar

  7. Ahmed M, Maimuna, Adolfine Hokororo, Benson Kidenya R, Rogatus Kabyemera, Erasmus Kamugisha. Prevalence of undernutrition and risk factors of severe undernutrition among children admitted to Bugando Medical Centre in Mwanza, Tanzania. BMC Nutrition. 2016; 2: 49. Google Scholar

  8. Dewey Kathryn G, Khadija Begum. Long-term consequences of stunting in early life. Matern Child Nutr. 2011; 7(Suppl 3): 5-18. PubMed | Google Scholar

  9. Aryastami Ni Ketut, Anuraj Shankar, Nunik Kusumawardani, Besral Besral, Abas Basuni Jahari, Endang Achadi. Low birth weight was the most dominant predictor associated with stunting among children aged 12-23 months in Indonesia. BMC Nutrition. 2017; 3: 16. Google Scholar

  10. Sandra Huffman L, Dominic Schofield. Consequences of malnutrition in early life and strategies to improve maternal and chid diets through targeted fortified products. Maternal and Child Nutrition. 2011; 7(Suppl 3): 1-4. Google Scholar

  11. Bhutta Zulfiqar A, Ahmed Tahmeed, Black Robert, Cousens Simon, Dewey Kathryn, Giugliani Elsa, Haider Batool A, Kirkwood Betty, Morris Saul S, Sachdev H P S, Shekar, Meera. What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival. Lancet. 2008; 371(9610): 417-40. PubMed | Google Scholar

  12. Dewey Kathryn G, Seth Adu-Afarwuah. Systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of complementary feeding interventions in developing countries. Matern Child Nutr. 2008; 4(Suppl 1): 24-85. PubMed | Google Scholar

  13. Bain Luchuo Engelbert, Paschal Kum Awah, Ngia Geraldine, Njem Peter Kindong, Yelena Sigal, Nsah Bernard, Ajime Tom Tanjeko. Malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa: burden, causes and prospects. Pan Afr Med J. 2013; 15: 120. PubMed | Google Scholar

  14. Nationational Research Council. Lost crops of Africa. Washington DC, National Academy Press. 2006; 1: 312-317. Google Scholar

  15. Allen Lindsay H. The nutrition CRSP what is marginal malnutrition, and does it affect human function. Nutrition Reviews. 1993; 51(9): 255-67. PubMed | Google Scholar

  16. Muchie Kindie Fentahun. Determinants of severity levels of anemia among children aged 6-59 months in Ethiopia: further analysis of the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey. BMC Nutrition. 2016; 2: 51. Google Scholar

  17. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, ICF Macro. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey Key Indicators 2014. Nairobi. 2015: 1-76. Google Scholar

  18. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, ICF Macro. Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-09, Maryland. Central Bureau of Statistics MoPaND. 2010: 141-148.

  19. Kaneko Satoshi, K'opiyo James, Kiche Ibrahim, Wanyua Sheru, Goto Kensuke, Tanaka Junichi, Mwatasa Changoma, Morris Ndemwa, Osuke Komazawa, Mohamed Karama, Kazuhiko Moji, Masaaki Shimada. Health and demographic surveillance system in the Western and Coastal Areas of Kenya: an infrastructure for epidemiologic studies in Africa. J Epidemiol. 2012; 22(3): 276-285. PubMed | Google Scholar

  20. Cochran William Gemmell. Sampling Techniques, New York. John Wiley & Sons. 1977-3rd Edition.

  21. Nune Mangasaryan, Christiane Rudert, Mandana Arabi, David Clark, Werner Schultink. Infant and Young Child Feeding, New York. United Nations Childrens Fund. 2011: 2-15. Google Scholar

  22. Kramer Michael S, Ritsuko Kakuma. The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding: a systematic review. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2004; 554: 63-77. PubMed | Google Scholar

  23. Demissie Solomon, Amare Worku. Magnitude and Factors Associated with Malnutrition in Children 6-59 Months of Age in Pastoral Community of Dollo Ado District, Somali Region, Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health. 2013; 1(4): 175-183. Google Scholar

  24. Wamani Henry, Anne Nordrehaug Astrom, Stefan Peterson, James Tumwine K, Thorkild Tylleskar. Boys are more stunted than girls in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis of 16 demographic and health surveys. BMC Pediatr. 2007; 7: 17. PubMed | Google Scholar

  25. Ma'alin Abdibari, Dereje Birhanu, Samuel Melaku, Daniel Tolossa, Yusuf Mohammed, Kiros Gebremicheal. Magnitude and factors associated with malnutrition in children 6-59 months of age in Shinille Woreda, Ethiopian Somali regional state: a cross-sectional study. BMC Nutrition. 2016; 2: 44. Google Scholar

  26. Bernal Carlos, Claudia Velasquez, Gloria Alcaraz, Jorge Botero. Treatment of severe malnutrition in children: Experience in implementing the World Health Organization guidelines in Turbo, Colombia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008; 46(3): 322-328. PubMed | Google Scholar

  27. Warfa Osman, Daniel Njai, Bashir Admani, Fred Were, Dalton Wamalwa, Boniface Osano, Patrick Mburugu, Musa Mohamed. Evaluating the level of adherence to Ministry of Health guidelines in the management of severe acute malnutrition at Garissa Provincial General Hospital, Garissa, Kenya. Pan Afr Med J. 2014; 17: 214 PubMed | Google Scholar

  28. Abuya Benta A, James Ciera, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage. Effect of mother's education on child's nutritional status in the slums of Nairobi. BMC Pediatr. 2012; 12: 80. Google Scholar

  29. Das Sunanda, Jahida Gulshan. Different forms of malnutrition among under five children in Bangladesh: a cross sectional study on prevalence and determinants. BMC Nutrition. 2017; 3: 1. Google Scholar

  30. Mukabutera Assumpta, Dana Thomson R, Bethany L, Hedt-Gauthier, Paulin Basinga, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Megan Murray. Risk factors associated with underweight status in children under five: an analysis of the 2010 Rwanda Demographic Health Survey (RDHS). BMC Nutrition. 2016; 2: 40. Google Scholar