Article references (22 references )

  1. McHardy FE, Chung F. Postoperative sore throat: cause, prevention and treatment. Anaesthesia. 1999; 54: 444-53. Google Scholar

  2. Biro P, Seifert B, Pasch T. Complaints of sore throat after tracheal intubation. European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2005 Apr; 22(4): 307-11. PubMed | Google Scholar

  3. Harding C, McVey F. Interview method affects incidence of postoperative sore throat. Anaesthesia. 1987 Oct; 42(10): 1104-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  4. Navarro RM, Baughman VL. Lidocaine in the endotracheal tube cuff reduces postoperative sore throat. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 1997 Aug; 9(5): 394-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. Tanaka Y, Nakayama T, Nishimori M. Lidocaine for preventing postoperative sore throat (Review). The Cochrane Collaboration. 2009; 1-40. Google Scholar

  6. Agarwal A, Nath SS, Goswami D. An evaluation of the efficacy of aspirin and benzydamine hydrochloride gargle for attenuating postoperative sore throat. Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2006 Oct; 103(4): 1001-3. PubMed | Google Scholar

  7. Christensen AM, Willemoes-Larsen H, Lundby L, Jokobsen KB. Postoperative throat complaints after tracheal intubation. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 1994 Dec;73(6): 786-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  8. Obiaya MO, Okechukwu C, Dakaraju P et al. The incidence of post anaesthetic complications-a follow-up programme. West Afr J Med. 1984; 3: 165-169. Google Scholar

  9. Hohlrieder M, Brimacombe J, Eschertzhuber S, Ulmer H, Keller C. A study of airway management using the Proseal LMA laryngeal mask airway compared with the tracheal tube on postoperative analgesia requirements following gynaecological laparoscopic surgery. Anaesthesia. 2007 Sep; 62(9): 913-8. PubMed | Google Scholar

  10. Edomwonyi NP, Ekwere IT, Omo E, Rupasinghe. Postoperative throat complication after tracheal intubation. Annals of African Medicine. 2006; 5: 28-32. PubMed | Google Scholar

  11. Maruyama K, Sakai H, Miyazawa H et al. Sore throat and hoarseness after total intravenous anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2004; 92(4): 541-543. Google Scholar

  12. Seet E, Yousaf F, Gupta S. Use of manometry for laryngeal mask airway reduces postoperative pharyngolaryngeal adverse events. Anesthesiology. 2010; 112: 652-7. Google Scholar

  13. Sumathi PA, Shenoy T, Ambareesha M, Krishna HM. Controlled comparison between betamethasone gel and lidocaine jelly applied over tracheal tube to reduce postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness of voice. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2008 Feb; 100(2): 215-8. PubMed | Google Scholar

  14. Brandt L. The history of endotracheal anesthesia, with special regard to the development of the endotracheal tube. Der Anaesthesist. 1986 Sep; 35(9): 523-30. PubMed | Google Scholar

  15. Higgins PP, Chung F, Mezei. Postoperative sore throat after ambulatory surgery. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 2002 Apr; 88(4): 582-4. PubMed | Google Scholar

  16. Daniel Bainbridge, Janet M, Miguel A. Perioperative and anaesthetic-related mortality in developed and developing countries. Lancet. 2012 Sep 22; 380(9847): 1075-81. PubMed | Google Scholar

  17. Rigdon EE. Racial and gender differences in outcome after carotid endarterectomy. Am Surg. 1998; 64(6): 527-32. PubMed | Google Scholar

  18. Pelletier SJ, Isaacs RB, Raymond DP, Carbtree TD, Spencer CE, Gleason TG. Ethnic disparities in outcome from post transplant infections. Shock. 2004; 22(3): 197-203. PubMed | Google Scholar

  19. Ebneshahidi A, Mohseni M. Hoarseness after tracheal intubation. Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2010 Oct; 111(4): 892-4. PubMed | Google Scholar

  20. Sanou J, Ilboudo D, Rouamba A, Traore O. Sore throat after tracheal intubation. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia.1996; 44(3): 203-6. PubMed | Google Scholar

  21. Ahmed A, Abbasi S, Ghafoor HB, Ishaq M. Postoperative sore throat after elective surgical procedures. Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad. 2007; 19(2): 12-14. PubMed | Google Scholar

  22. Kloub R. Sore throat following tracheal intubation. Middle East Journal Anesthesiology. 2001; 16(1): 29-40. PubMed | Google Scholar