Article references (46 references )


  1. Carpentier A. Cardiac valve surgery: the "French correction". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1983 Sep; 86(3):323-337. PubMed | Google Scholar

  2. Deloche A, Jebara VA, Relland JYM et al. Valve repair with Carpentier techniques: the second decade. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1990 Jun; 99(6):990-1002. PubMed | Google Scholar

  3. Duran CM, Gometza B, Saad E. Valve repair in rheumatic mitral disease: an unsolved problem. J Card Surg. 1994 Mar; 9(2 Suppl):282-285. PubMed | Google Scholar

  4. Kuwaki K, Kiyofumi M, Tsukamoto M et al. Early and late results of mitral valve repair for mitral valve regurgitation: significant risk factors of reoperation. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2000 Apr; 41(2):187-192. PubMed | Google Scholar

  5. Carapetis JR. Rheumatic Heart Disease in Developing Countries. N Engl J Med. 2007 Aug; 357(5):439-441. PubMed | Google Scholar

  6. Braunberger E, Deloche A, Berrebi A et al. Very long-term results (more than 20 years) of valve repair with Carpentier's techniques in non-rheumatic mitral valve insufficiency. Circulation. 2001 Sep; 104(12 Suppl 1):I8-11. PubMed | Google Scholar

  7. Yau TE, Farag El-Ghoneimi YA, Armstrong S, Ivanov J, David TE. Mitral valve repair and replacement for rheumatic disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2000 Jan; 119(1):53-60. PubMed | Google Scholar

  8. Di Bardino DJ, El-Bardissi AW, McClure RS, Razo-Vasquez OA, Kelly NE, Cohn LH. Four decades of experience with mitral valve repair: analysis of differential indications, technical evolution, and long-term outcome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Jan; 139(1):76-84. PubMed | Google Scholar

  9. Acar C, de Ibarra JS, Lansac E. Anterior leaflet augmentation with autologous pericardium for mitral repair in rheumatic valve insufficiency. J Heart Valve Dis. 2004 Sep; 13(5):741-746. PubMed | Google Scholar

  10. Bachar El Oumeiri, Munir Boodhwani, David Glineur, Laurent De Kerchove, Alain Poncelet, Parla Astarci, Agnes Pasquet, Jean-Louis Vanoverschelde, Robert Verhelst, Jean Rubay, Philipe Noirhomme, and Gébrine El Khoury. Extending the Scope of Mitral Valve Repair in Rheumatic Disease. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009 Jun; 87(6):1735-1740. PubMed | Google Scholar

  11. Shomura Y, Okada Y, Nasu M, Koyama T, Yuzaki M, Murashita T, Fukunaga N, Konishi Y.Late Results of Mitral Valve Repair With Glutaraldehyde-Treated Autologous Pericardium. Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Jun; 95(6):2000-2005. PubMed | Google Scholar

  12. Carapetis JR. The Current Evidence for the Burden of Group A Streptococcal Diseases. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; March 2, 2004.. Google Scholar

  13. Marijon E, Ou P, Celermajer DS, Ferreira B, Mocumbi AO, Jani D, Paquet C, Jacob S, Sidi D, Jouven X. Prevalence of rheumatic heart disease detected by echocardiographic screening. N Engl J Med. 2007 Aug 2; 357(5):470-476. PubMed | Google Scholar

  14. Olson LJ, Subramanian R, Ackermann DM, Orszulak TA, Edwards WD. Surgical pathology of the mitral valve: a study of 712 cases spanning 21 years. Mayo Clin Proc. 1987 Jan; 62(1):22-34. PubMed | Google Scholar

  15. Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Miguel A García-Fernández, Mar Moreno, Edith Larios, José A García-Robles and Ángel Pintob. Influence of Gender on the Etiology of Mitral Regurgitation. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2006 Dec; 59(12):1335-1338. PubMed | Google Scholar

  16. Håvard Otto, Sverre Georg Sæther, Leul Banteyrga, Bjørn Olav Haugen , Terje Skjærpe,High. Prevalence of Subclinical Rheumatic Heart Disease in Pregnant Women in a Developing Country: an Echocardiographic Study. Echocardiography. 2011 Nov; 28(10):1049-1053. PubMed | Google Scholar

  17. Anwari JS, Butt AA, Al-Dar MA. Obstetric admissions to the intensive care unit. Saudi Med J. 2004 Oct; 25(10):1394-1399. PubMed | Google Scholar

  18. Bhatla N, Lal S, Behera G, Kriplani A, Mittal S, Agarwal N, Talwar KK. Cardiac disease in pregnancy. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2003 Aug; 82(2):153-159. PubMed | Google Scholar

  19. John W Brown, MD, Andrew C Fiore, MD, Mark Ruzmetov, MD, PhD, Osama Eltayeb, MD, Mark D Rodefeld, MD and Mark W Turrentine, MD. Evolution of Mitral Valve Replacement in Children: a 40-Year Experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Feb; 93(2):626-633. PubMed | Google Scholar

  20. Luca Salvatore De Santo, Gianpaolo Romano, Alessandro Della Corte, Francesco Tizzano, Andrea Petraio, Cristiano Amarelli, Marisa De Feo, Giovanni Dialetto, Michelangelo Scardone, Maurizio Cotrufo. Mitral mechanical replacement in young rheumatic women: Analysis of long-term survival, valve-related complications, and pregnancy outcomes over a3707-patient-year follow-up. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Jul; 130(1):13-19. PubMed | Google Scholar

  21. Brian K Eble, William P Fiser, Pippa Simpson, Judith Dugan, Jonathan J Drummond, Webband Anji T Yetman. Mitral valve replacement in children: predictors of long-term outcome. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003 Sep; 76(3):853-859. PubMed | Google Scholar

  22. Munetaka Masuda, Hideaki Kado, Hideki Tatewaki, Yuichiro Shiokawa and Hisataka Yasui. Late results after mitral valve replacement with bileaflet mechanical prosthesis in children: evaluation of prosthesis-patient mismatch. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004 Mar; 77(3):913-917. PubMed | Google Scholar

  23. Bradley SM, Sade RM, Crawford FA Jr, Stroud MR. Anticoagulation in children with mechanical valve prostheses. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Jul; 64(1):30-36. PubMed | Google Scholar

  24. Alsoufi B, Manlhiot C, Al-Ahmadi M et al. Outcomes and associated risk factors for mitral valve replacement in children. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2011 Sep; 40(3):543-551. PubMed | Google Scholar

  25. Suri RM, Schaff HV, Dearani JA, Sundt TM 3rd, Daly RC, Mullany CJ, Enriquez-Sarano M, Orszulak TA. Survival advantage and improved durability of mitral repair for leaflet prolapse subsets in the current era. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Sep; 82(3):819-826. PubMed | Google Scholar

  26. Enriquez-Sarano M, Schaff HV, Orszulak TA, Tajik AJ, Bailey KR, Frye RL. Valve repair improves the outcome of surgery for mitral regurgitation: a multivariate analysis. Circulation. 1995 Feb 15; 91(4):1022-1028. PubMed | Google Scholar

  27. Robert R Moss, Karin H Humphries, Min Gao, Christopher R Thompson, James G Abel, Guy Fradet, Brad I Munt. Outcome of Mitral Valve Repair or Replacement: a Comparison by Propensity Score Analysis. Circulation. 2003 Sep 9; 108 Suppl 1:II90-7. PubMed | Google Scholar

  28. Iung B, Baron G, Butchart EG, Delahaye F, Gohlke-Barwolf C, Levang OW et al. A prospective survey of patients with valvular heart disease in Europe: the Euro Heart Survey on Valvular Heart Disease. Eur Heart J. 2003 Jul; 24(13):1231-1243. PubMed | Google Scholar

  29. Nkomo VT. Epidemiology and prevention of valvular heart diseases and infective endocarditis in Africa. Heart. 2007 Dec; 93(12):1510-1519. PubMed | Google Scholar

  30. Richard H Marcus, MB Pinhas Sareli, MD Wendy A Pocock, MB and John B Barlow. The Spectrum of Severe Rheumatic Mitral Valve Disease in a Developing Country: Correlations among Clinical Presentation, Surgical Pathologic Findings, and Hemodynamic Sequelae. Intern Med. 1994 Feb; 120(3):177-183. PubMed | Google Scholar

  31. Chauvaud S, Fuzellier JF, Berrebi A, Deloche A, Fabiani JN, Carpentier A. Long-term (29 years) results of reconstructive surgery in rheumatic mitral valve insufficiency. Circulation. 2001 Sep; 104(12 Suppl 1):I12-15. PubMed | Google Scholar

  32. Fernandez J, Joyce DH, Hirschfeld K et al. Factors affecting mitral valve reoperation in 317 survivors after mitral valve reconstruction. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Sep; 54(3):440-448. PubMed | Google Scholar

  33. Skoularigis J, Sinovich V, Joubert G, Sareli P. Evaluation of the long-term results of mitral valve repair in 254 young patients with rheumatic mitral regurgitation. Circulation. 1994 Nov; 90(5 Pt 2):II167-74. PubMed | Google Scholar

  34. Frank Edwin, Ernest Aniteye, Mark M Tettey, Martin Tamatey and Kwabena Frimpong-Boateng. Outcome of left heart mechanical valve replacement in West African children - A15-year retrospective study. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 2011; 6(1):57. PubMed | Google Scholar

  35. Sachin Talwar, Manithara Raman Rajesh, Anandaraja Subramanian, Anita Saxena, Arkalgud Sampath Kumar. Mitral valve repair in children with rheumatic heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Apr; 129(4):875-879. PubMed | Google Scholar

  36. Anubhav Gupta, Parag Gharde and Arkalgud Sampath Kumar. Anterior Mitral Leaflet Length: Predictor for Mitral Valve Repair in a Rheumatic Population. Ann Thorac Surg. 2010 Dec; 90(6):1930-1933. PubMed | Google Scholar

  37. Afksendiyos Kalangos, Jan T Christenson, Maurice Beghetti, Mustafa Cikirikcioglu, Dimitrios Kamentsidis, and Yacine Aggoun. Mitral Valve Repair for Rheumatic Valve Disease in Children: Midterm Results and Impact of the Use of a Biodegradable Mitral Ring. Thorac Surg. 2008 Jul; 86(1):161-169. PubMed | Google Scholar

  38. Mohd Azhari Yakub, Jeswant Dillon, Paneer S. Krishna Moorthy, Kiew Kong Pau and Mohd Nazeri Nordin; Is rheumatic aetiology a predictor of poor outcome in the current era of mitral valve repair' Contemporary long-term results of mitral valve repair in rheumatic heart disease. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2013 Oct; 44(4):673-681. PubMed | Google Scholar

  39. David L Nunley, Albert Starr. The Evolution of Reparative Techniques for the Mitral Valve. Ann Thorac Surg. 1984 May; 37(5):393-397. PubMed | Google Scholar

  40. Rachid Zegdi, Ziad Khabbaz, Sylvain Chauvaud, Christian Latremouille, Jean-Noël Fabiani and Alain Deloche. Posterior Leaflet Extension With an Autologous Pericardial Patch in Rheumatic Mitral Insufficiency. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Sep; 84(3):1043-1044. PubMed | Google Scholar

  41. Frater Robert W M. Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome: a Patient's Perspective. The Lancet. 1962; 5(1):119-44. PubMed | Google Scholar

  42. Jeanne M Vesey, Catherine M Otto. Complications of prosthetic heart valves. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2004 Mar; 6(2):106-111. PubMed | Google Scholar

  43. Manji I, Pastakia SD, DO AN, Ouma MN, Schellhase E, Karwa R, Miller ML, Saina C, Akwanalo C .Performance outcomes of a pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinic in the rural, resource-constrained setting of Eldoret, Kenya. J Thromb Haemost. 2011 Nov; 9(11):2215-2220. PubMed | Google Scholar

  44. Jackson S, Peterson G, Bereznicki L, Misan G, Jupe D, Vial J. Improving the outcomes of anticoagulation in rural Australia: an evaluation of pharmacist-assisted monitoring of warfarin therapy. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2005 Aug; 30(4):345-353. PubMed | Google Scholar

  45. Marko Ivan Turina. European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery: carrying the torch. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2002 Dec; 22(6):857-863. PubMed | Google Scholar

  46. World Health Organization. Health financing: a strategy for the African Region. Regional Committee for Africa; Fifty-sixth session; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 28 August-1 September 2006. Google Scholar