Article abstract


Introduction: open excisional breast biopsy is a known modality for treatment of breast lumps especially in developing countries. Other sophisticated methods are available for management of breast lumps in more advanced nations. Our aim in this study was to review the outcome of open excision breast biopsies in our setting with a view to improving patient management.

 

Methods: this study was conducted at the National Obstetric Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, South East Nigeria among women who had excision breast biopsy between January 2015 and December 2016. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 21.

 

Results: a total of 107 case folders were reviewed in this study. The mean age of the women was 27 10 years. Overlying breast incision was the preferred route in 78(72.9%), periareolar incision in 28(26.2%), and Gillard Thomas's method (infero-lateral submammary sulcus incision) used in one patient with bilateral multiple breast lumps (0.9%). The complications recorded in this study were haematoma in 3(2.8%), wound infection in 5(4.7%) and wound breakdown in 1(0.9%). Hypertrophic scar was found in 2(1.8%) patients at follow-up. Overall, most patients were satisfied with the aesthetic outcome of their surgery.

 

Conclusion: open excision breast biopsy is a useful modality for management of breast diseases in our setting. Complication rates are minimal. Both overlying and periareolar breast incisions results in aesthetically satisfactory scar in our practice. Inferior-lateral sub mammary sulcus skin incision is useful when the lumps are multiple and located at different quadrants of the breast. Appropriate use of drain helps to reduce the incidence of haematoma.