Article abstract


Introduction: Iraq has passed through a series of successive conflicts, economic sanction and violence. The overall health sector in Iraq has been plunged and the services are facing a continuous shortage in vaccines, medicines and other supplies, and access of people to the basic health services being more impaired. The objective of this study was to portray the trend of vaccine preventable diseases in Iraq during the past 17 years to provide baseline information for disease burden estimation.

 

Methods: this study was built on collection and treatment of morbidity data related to vaccine preventable diseases (tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and hepatitis B) that were registered by the Department of Health Statistics during the years (2000-2016). The incidence rates were plotted on a timeline to define the trend of each disease. Data were also categorized by gender and age groups (less than five years, 5 to 15 years and 15 years and more).

 

Results: diphtheria, rubella, and tuberculosis showed a slowly down going trend of incidence while mumps demonstrated a peak at 2016. Hepatitis B showed an up going trend of incidence while measles showed a secular trend every 4-5 years.

 

Conclusion: vaccine preventable diseases are still causing outbreaks; precipitated by fluctuation of vaccine coverage. Tuberculosis has been reemerged after a relatively long period of control.