Article abstract


Introduction: cleft lip and palate is one of the more common congenital malformation and the most common craniofacial anomalies in children. The treatment is expensive and requires specialised care. Access to this care in middle and low income countries is compounded by socioeconomic status of patients and their relation and also the inadequacy of expertise in medical personnel and infrastructure. Objective: the study aimed to review the techniques of anaesthesia used in a low resource setting in terms of the techniques, outcome, and safety.

 

Methods: this is a retrospective review of 79 cases done in a resource poor setting. Information regarding the patients, surgeries and modes of anaesthesia were retrieved from the case notes.

 

Results: a total of 62 patients were operated with incomplete cleft accounting for 37 (59.7%), complete 23(37.1%), and 2 (3.2%) as bilateral. Forty-six (74.2%) of patients had their surgery done with ketamine anaesthesia without endotracheal intubation, 14 (22.6%) had regional anaesthesia and 2 patients (3.2%) had general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation.

 

Conclusion: this study demonstrates that with careful planning and expertise, cleft lip repair can be done safely in resource poor setting.