Article abstract

Outcomes of septal alcoholization in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy are not enough studied in all centers. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcomes of septal alcoholization in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in our hospital. A retrospective and prospective descriptive study focused on all patients aged at least 18 years treated by alcohol septal ablation between July 2005 and June 2010 in the cardiology unit of Clermont-Ferrand teaching Hospital. The inclusion criteria were, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction ≥ 50 mmHg, symptomatic despite optimal medical therapy. The clinical, paraclinical data and the results of alcohol ablation were collected from medical records of patients and a telephone conversation with the patients or their physicians. These data were analyzed by EPI info 6.04. Eleven patients with average age of 56.27 15, 83 were included of which 81.8% of men. The main indications of alcohol septal were dyspnea stage NYHA II-IV (45.5%), lipothymia (18.2%) and invalidating angina (18.2%). Main electrocardiographic abnormalities were left ventricular hypertrophy and disorders of repolarization with 72.7% each. Minor conductive disorders were found in 45.5% of the cases. The left ventricular outflow tract obstruction was 98.18 25.93 mmHg before alcohol septal ablation and 18.91 31.97 mmHg after a follow-up of 25.64 21.97 months. The success rate was 81.8%. Conductive disorders (45.5%) required the establishment of a definitive pacemaker in 36.4% of the patients. A cardiac defibrillator was implanted at 27.3%. Septal alcoholization was succesful.