Article abstract


Introduction: routine immunization coverage in Nigeria is one of the lowest national coverage rates in the world. The objective of this study was to compare the mother’ characteristics and the child’s Immunization status in some selected rural and urban communities in the North central part of Nigeria.

 

Methods: a descriptive cross sectional study, using a multistage sampling technique to select 600 respondent women with an index child between 0-12 months.

 

Results: mean age of rural respondents was 31.40±7.21 years and 32.72+6.77 years among urban respondents, though there was no statistically significant difference in age between the 2 locations (p-0.762). One hundred and ninetyseven (65.7%) and 241(80.3%) of rural and urban respondents respectively were aware of immunization, the difference was statistically significant (p-0.016). knowledge in urban areas was better than among rural respondents. There was statistically significant association between respondents age, employment status, mothers' educational status and the child's immunization status (P<0.05), while variables like parity, age at marriage, marital status, No of children, household income and place of index were not statistically associated with immunization status as P>0.05. More than half 179(59.7%) of rural and 207(69.0%) of urban had good practice of immunization though the difference was not statistically significant (p-0.165)

 

Conclusion: the immunization coverage in urban community was better than that of the rural community. The result of this study has clearly indicated that mothers in Nigeria have improved on taking their children for immunization in both rural and urban area compared to previous reports